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How to Cite Sources in Turabian Format: Home

Learn the basics of creating notes/parenthetical references and bibliographies/reference lists

Other Online Guides

Like this guide? You might also find the following guides useful (keep in mind that these guides are not APU-specific): 

The Guide at APU


Writing Papers Using Turabian Style

This subject guide is meant to help students with citation formatting in the Turabian style. Turabian style allows writers to create either in-text notes (N) with a corresponding bibliography (B) at the end, or in-text parenthetical references (PR) with a corresponding reference list (RL). The bibliographic style is most commonly used when writing a paper in the humanities, while the reference list style is most commonly used when writing a paper in the fields of natural and social sciences. This guide contains citation examples as well as many other useful tools and resources.

Happy writing!

Subject Guide

Michelle Spomer
Azusa Pacfic University
James L. Stamps Theological Library
701 E. Foothill Blvd., Azusa, CA, 91702
(626) 387-5777
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