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How to Cite Sources in Turabian 9th ed. and Format Papers: Home

by Steve Jung, rev./exp. 05/24 by Sharon Ralston

About the Styleguides in this Libguide

Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations has two different types of styles: Notes and Bibliography Style, and Author-Date Style. Notes and Bibliography Style is typically used within the humanities including literature, history, and the arts. The Author-Dates Style is primarily used within the physical, natural, and social sciences.

This guide only deals with the Notes and Bibliography Style.

Citation Style

Turabian style uses footnotes. Footnotes should be handled by your word processor and not something you just try to put in the footer. The footnote should be in the same font, Times New Roman, but in 10 point font, as opposed to the 12 point font of the body of the paper.  The content of the footnote depends on source and if it is the first time the resource is cited. The second, and following citation, the note is shortened greatly.

Web Helps

Here are some helps from out on the internet. I cannot testify to their accuracy, but they may help with some citations and formatting questions.