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How to Cite Sources in Turabian 9th ed. and Format Papers: Motion Pictures/Videos

by Steve Jung, rev./exp. 05/24 by Sharon Ralston

Some Basics

1. Citations for multimedia will vary and are more fluid in formatting than for books and articles.  At a minimum, "identify the title of the work, the date it was created or published or otherwise made available, the name of the studio or other entity responsible for producing or distributing the work, and information about the medium in which you consulted it.  If you consulted the source online, include a URL" (Turabian - 9th ed., p. 208). Some examples given in the manual for movies also include timings (length) and they are included in this guide. Video length is included in examples in the manual for all videos such as YouTube videos.

2. Tips on citing films: Films are in the notes by the title of the film. The film may appear on the reference page under the title or the name of the director. In general, the title of the film is listed first and is in italics. This is followed by the name of the director, the name of the company that produced or distributed the movie, and the year the film was released (or made). Add information about writers, producers, or actors if they are relevant to your text. Finish with medium and timings from the source. If watched online, include the URL.

3. A citation for a YouTube video generally includes information on the following: Author/creator name, Video title, Publication or creation date, Publishing/creating entity (if applicable), Information about the medium, Video duration, Video URL. For YouTube videos without a known author/creator, use the channel name. If the title or subtitle ends with an exclamation point or question mark, do not place a period or comma after it. 

4. Citing the medium is optional in shortened citations.

 

Motion Picture (in theater) - Turabian (9th ed.) - 17.10.3.1

Reference Page

The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King. Directed by Peter Jackson. USA: New Line Cinema, 2003. Film, 3 hrs., 21 min.

First Citation (footnote)

1. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, directed by Peter Jackson (USA: New Line Cinema, 2003), film, 3 hrs., 21 min.

Other Citations (footnotes)

3. Return of the King, Jackson, film.

Video (online streaming services like Netflix, Hulu, or Amazon) - Turabian (9th ed.) - 17.10.3.1

Reference page

The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King. Directed by Peter Jackson. USA: New Line Cinema, 2003. Streaming video, 3 hrs., 21 min. https://play.max.com/movie/ad704585-6774-4d37-8c61-1bd41154173f?..

First Citation (footnote)

1. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, directed by Peter Jackson (USA: New Line Cinema, 2003), streaming video, 3 hrs., 21 min. https://play.max.com/movie/ad704585-6774-4d37-8c61-1bd41154173f?

Other Citations (footnotes)

3. Return of the King, Jackson, streaming video.

Video (DVD/VHS/Blu-ray) - Turabian (9th ed.) - 17.10.3.1

Reference page

The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King. Directed by Peter Jackson. New Line Cinema, 2003. DVD.

First Citation (footnotes)

1. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, directed by Peter Jackson. (USA: New Line Cinema, 2003; New Line Home Video, 2004). DVD, 3 hrs., 21 min.

Other Citations (footnotes)

3. Return of the King, Jackson, DVD.

Video (online streaming platforms like YouTube, Vimeo, etc.) - Turabian (9th ed.) - 17.10.3.3

Reference page

Yale Bible Study.  "Biblical Wisdom – What is the Wisdom Literature?: An Online Bible Study with Dr. John Collins.” Yale Divinity School. October 2, 2023. YouTube video of lecture, 3:45. https://www.youtube.com/watch?.v=QDYnpzQFP7A&list=PLPQBt1pZ2B7G1gnZz6pnNvfRhBYNOAwL7&index=2&t=161s.

First Citation (footnote)

 1. Yale Bible Study, “Biblical Wisdom – What is the Wisdom Literature?: An Online Bible Study with Dr. John Collins," Yale Divinity School, October 2, 2023, YouTube video of lecture, 5:39, https://www.youtube.com/watch v=QDYnpzQFP7A&list=PLPQBt1pZ2B7G1gnZz6pnNvfRhBYNOAwL7&index=2&t=161s.

Other (Shortened) Citations (footnotes)

 2. Yale Bible Study, “Biblical Wisdom – What is the Wisdom Literature?" YouTube video.