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How to Cite Sources in Turabian 9th ed. and Format Papers: Reference Works (Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Lexicons, etc.)

by Steve Jung, rev./exp. 05/24 by Sharon Ralston

Some Basics

  • Online items need a URL.
  • Applications or media need access dates.
  • For a work arranged by key terms such as a dictionary or encyclopedia, cite the item (not the volume or page number) preceded by s.v. (sub verso, "under the word").

Entry in a "Standard" Reference Work - Turabian 9th ed - 17.9.1

"Standard" are well known or major dictionaries and encyclopedias (think Oxford English Dictionary and Encyclopedia Britannica).

Reference Page/Bibliography

Oxford English Dictionary. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. Web.

First Citation

33. Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. "Progymnasmata," accessed January 21, 2022,

Other Citations

38. OED, "Progymnasmata."

Entry in Specialized Reference Works - Turabian 9th ed - 17.1.8

Reference Page/Bibliography

Stendahl, K. “Biblical Theology, Contemporary.” In The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, edited by G. A. Buttrick, 1:418-32. Nashville: Abingdon, 1962.

First Citation

33. K. Stendahl, "Biblical Theology, Contemporary," in The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, edited by G. A. Buttrick (Nashville: Abingdon, 1962), 1:426

Other Citations

38. Stendahl, "Biblical Theology, Contemporary," 1:428.